TungstenLube™ Lubricant Products have been the preferred lubricants for harsh weather environments since 1993 in 120 countries. SurviveOutdoor is the manufacturer of TungstenLube™ lubricants, produced with pure 99.9% Nano-Tungsten Disulfide, unmatched in their exceptional ability to withstand even the most extreme conditions such as saltwater corrosion, rust, extreme temperature ranges from -350oF to +1000oF, and extreme pressure bearing up to 300,000psi!
TungstenLube™ WS2 Dry Lubricant – a dry lubricant produced from 99.9% pure Tungsten Disulfide at 90 nano-meters, and combined with specially blended corrosion and rust inhibitors. This can be used anywhere a wet lubricant is undesirable (many soap box derby racers use TungstenLube™ WS2 Dry Lubricant because of restrictions only dry lubricants are allowed). You can also mix TungstenLube™ WS2 Dry Lubricant with your own favorite high quality grease or oil, to give it maximum performance and protection capabilities! The is a favorite among DIY’ers and others that don’t want to give up their favorite lubricants but want to enhance it’s abilities.
TungstenLube™ WS2 Infused Grease – consists of a state-of-the-art premium plus, water-resistant marine grease infused with 99.9% pure 90nm Tungsten Disulfide, our own special blend of rust and corrosion inhibitors, making TungstenLube™ WS2 Infused Grease the slickest, highest quality professional grease on the market! If you are looking for the ultimate in protection, lubricity, and longevity then ” TungstenLube™ WS2 Infused Grease” is what you’ve been waiting for. TungstenLube™ WS2 Infused Grease is ideal for use anywhere the most extreme temperatures and pressures demand a superior grease that can withstand extreme conditions. TungstenLube™ WS2 Infused Grease has ideal properties for bearing grease applications and is useful for both high load and impact load applications. This is the case because of its strong resistance to abrasion and its impressive extreme pressure properties.
TungstenLube™ Arctic Shield – specifically designed to perform under extreme cold temperatures, modeled after our TungstenLube™ WS2 Infused Grease it has all the fantastic properties you want plus it can withstand sub-zero temperatures to -150oF. This has of course been an extremely popular lubricant in Arctic countries, for snow machines, chainsaws, guns, pulley/gear devices, and many more applications.
TungstenLube™ Firearm Lubricant – designed as a light viscosity grease specially for firearms. San Antonio and Los Angeles law enforcement firearms training centers use this for all their officers weapons. All firearms should be well maintained to ensure both their accuracy, reliability, and safety. If your firearms are important to you then use the #1 firearm lubricant on the market, TungstenLube™ Firearm Lubricant!
Tungsten Disulfide is rated better than Titanium, Teflon, Graphite and MolyB lubricants! Rated by scientists as the most lubricious material on the planet, offering a dry lubricity that no other substance can match! As “super lubrication agents”, Tungsten WS2 Lubricants have proven their capacity to reduce wear by up to 30% , depending on the base oil and working conditions. It has also been established that the tribological efficiency of our TungstenLube™ lubricant products actually increases with contact pressure.
TungstenLube™ Lubricants adhere to any substrate surface through a molecular/mechanical interlock and takes on the characteristic of the substrate regardless of whether it is ferrous, non-ferrous, a composite, carbide, or plastic! Standard lubricants on the market are simply not capable of doing this! TungstenLube™ Lubricants also have a natural affinity for lubricants which results in oil-retention properties even in “wet” applications (It will help keep oil and grease where it should be!).
Why do we only use Nano-Size Tungsten WS2 in all our products?
The simple answer is because the smaller a particle size is, the greater it exponentially increases the lubricity of our products. The scientific answer is; When material is made into nanoparticles, its reactivity increases. Smaller the particle size, higher the surface area. Nanoparticles have a very high surface area to volume ratio, due to this a higher percentage of atoms (in nanoparticles) can interact with other matter. Therefore Surface Area (measured in Square meters per gram) is most important unit of measure for a nano lubricant. Higher the surface area, higher the lubricity.
TungstenLube™ Lubricants are used worldwide by anglers, hunters, firearm collectors, policemen, mining operations, MIT Engineering, boat captains, wilderness guides, climbers, and more, because they rely on the highest quality lubricants available to protect their gear and keep it operating at peak performance! From their reels, firearms, bows, motors, trailers, anything that needs lubricating they are successfully using it and love the instant difference that it makes. This is not your ordinary lubricant, it is formulated with the highest grade compounds, designed to operate under the most severe conditions and not let customers down when they need it!
- Thin Film
- Molecular Bonded
- Controlled Air Impingement Process
- Non Heat Cured
- Retains Surface Finish
- Maintains Original Dimensions
- Bonds to Most Substrates
- Does Not Migrate
- Will Not Contaminate
- Performs in High and Low Temperature
- Mold Release Applications
- Low Co-efficient of Friction (0.030)
- Anti-Galling / Anti-Seizing
- Wear Reduction by up to 30%
- Compatible with other Lubricants, Fuels and Gases
- Does Not Change Material Characteristics
- Unique Surface Appearance
- Greater Energy Efficiency
- Better Impact Resistance
- Use Where Other Lubricants are Unacceptable
- User-safe and Environmentally Friendly
AUTOMOTIVE ENGINE BENEFITS
- More efficient fuel consumption
- Extended engine life
- Quieter engine
- Enhanced power and torque
- Less harmful emissions
INDUSTRIAL MACHINERY USE BENEFITS
- More efficient machinery operation (slower decrease of efficiency due to wear, less impact of heating)
- Longer machinery life (continuous wear-damage reversal)
- Better operation under stress conditions (high-load, high temperature)
- Longer effective oil lubricant life (less heating, less friction, less need for erosive additives in formula)
- Reduced energy consumption
- Lower emissions
- Lower service requirements (wider intervals)
- Reduced operating noise (thanks to super lubricated operation)
- Is an extensively modified lamellar composition of Tungsten Disulfide.
- Molecularly bonds to most materials and platings.
- Transmigrates into the molecular structure of the substrate and can only be eliminated by removing the bonded substrate.
- Is inert, inorganic, non-toxic, non-corrosive and resistant to most fuels, solvents and acids. It is compatible with and enhances the performance of ALL oils and greases.
- Can withstand loads to 350,000 psi (aprox. 2,450 MPa) and Working Temperature Range from -350° F to +1000° F (-188° C to +538° C) in normal atmosphere
- Suited for Vacuum Environment Lowest outgassing amongst all dry film lubricants at -350°F to +2400°F (-188°C to +1316°C), even at 10 -14 torr (10 to the power of –14)
- Friction freedom can reduce or overcome conventional lubrication problems, improving performance and/or extending service life.
- Maintains the dimensional integrity of the substrate to within 0.5
High Speed Spindles
Alum Rolling Mills
Water Jet Cutting
|Tungsten Disulfide (WS2) is an excellent coating for bearings where conventional lubricants can not be used or where the application requires the insurance of a permanent lubricant for extended wear life as in gear motors or transmissions. From miniature bearings used in dental hand pieces to large bearings for electrical power plants, the WS2 low friction coating extends wear life 2 to 5 times.|
|Injection Molding Coating||
All Mold Components
Investment Casing Tooling
|Improves Resin Flow & Mold Release 3 to 9% and increases productivity from 4 to 8% on average. Does not transfer to finished parts and provides longer lasting release than alternatives such as mold spray.|
|Automotive||Main Engine Bearings
|Automotive parts coated with Tungsten Disulfide have lower friction which in turn provide longer wear life, better gas milage and reduced fuel costs by requiring less energy.|
Pulp & Paper Handling
Rear End Differentials
|Gears coated with Tungsten Disulfide exibit lower friction and as a result have a longer wear life.|
|Ball Screws||Thompson Shafts
NSK Linear Actuation
|Ball screws coated with Tungsten Disulfide run smoother from having lower friction and as a result will have longer life.|
|Shafts coated with WS2 have longer life because they are run smoother with less friction.|
|Chains coated with Tungsten Disulfide are able to run without wet lubrication and also benefit from lower friction.|
Fuel Injection Systems
Diesel Hydraulic Valves
|Tungsten Disulfide coated Valves benefit from lower friction and in turn longer wear life.|
|Hardware, Connectors, & Disconnect Parts||Stainless Steel Components
Hydraulic, Fuel, & Air components
|After being coated with WS2 hardware has lower friction making it easier to assemble and disassemble and also prolongs wear life.|
|Cutting Tools||End Mills
|Cutting Tools coated with Tungsten Disulfide provide a better surface finish and have a longer wear life.|
Automotive Use of Tungsten Disulfide Powder
Castrol was the first to introduce liquid tungsten to motor oils with its revolutionary anti-wear properties and in the 1970s launched a low viscosity rated engine oil to the consumer market that boasted significant fuel efficiency benefits – a product formerly available to racing teams.
Several types of spherical nanoparticles are already being added to engine oil; including nanodiamonds and tungsten disulfide. Acting like nano-sized ball bearings, these additives are said to be better than conventional oils at lubricating the metal surfaces that come into contact within engines.
“Application of nanoparticles in internal combustion engines has two main advantages,” says mechanical engineer Ehsan Etefaghi, based at the University of Tehran in Iran. “These are improvement of tribological [the science of interacting, moving surfaces in relative motion] properties and increase in thermal conductivity.” Minimising friction and heat build-up increases fuel efficiency and reduces wear.
The development of nanoparticles as engine oil additives is still an emerging field. None of the major oil companies is working on this, but research is under way and smaller manufacturers are starting to put nanotechnology to work.
Competitor Millers Oils is keeping quiet about future plans for its Nanodrive engine oil, which uses particles just 5 to 10 nanometres wide. So far, it has been focussing on products for the motorsport industry – an arena in which even the slightest engine improvement matters. The company claims that replacing conventional lubricant with Nanodrive oil in a Porsche 911 race engine produced an immediate power gain of 5.6%.
Technical director Martyn Mann says that Nanodrive “boosts power and torque because less energy is being wasted through friction. It’s the cheapest power increase you can get, leading to more competitive lap times.”
Bearing Use of TungstenLube™ Dry Lubricant
TungstenLube™ Dry Lubricant will decrease side loading and impact issues for your bearings. TungstenLube™ enhances the structural lubricity of the bearings to ensure that friction is reduced across the entire surface of each bearing. Even in the most intense applications, bearings coated with TungstenLube™ will stand up to high surface pressures while resisting drag, wear, and performance reduction. Whether your bearing rotate or are in a linear size arrangement, TungstenLube™ will help ensure improved performance while reducing heat from both steel and ceramic bearings. Less friction = less heat = longer life. With decreased operating temperatures across bearings, less resistance results, and so does a reduction in spalling and galling typically caused by torsional loading and weight loading.
Gears and Crankshaft Use of TungstenLube™ Dry Lubricant
Gear roll-over is a leading point in failure for most gear-related challenges. From a single tangential point of loading, the squared edge of a gear may hit the side of another gear. With 100% of torque and load resting on that point, threading and micro-fracturing result. The gear rolls over and rounds out its squared edges, requiring replacement of the gear. Yet with TungstenLube™, gears are so lubricious that there is never a single point of contact and friction is lowered overall. With less heat and greater motor efﬁciency (since less power is required to turn the gear), plus the precipitation of a micro-eta carbide structure from our cryogenic processing, the overall coherence of a gear’s molecular structure is bolstered. Also, in applications where frequent shifting and cranking may result in an overall performance drop, TungstenLube™ enhances the wear-resistance of components while ensuring their peak utilization in all types of applications. Rapid shifting is no longer prone to seizure, galling, or fretting, nor do costly maintenance problems become the norm after treatment. TungstenLube™ has a lamellar structure that may be applied to all ferrous and non-ferrous metals while preventing spalling, too.
Tooling/Dies/Cutters Use of TungstenLube™ Dry Lubricant
How much money will your company make when the output of your dies increases by 50-200%? What about from a reduction in downtime? TungstenLube™ results in increased proﬁtability to manufacturing operations by ensuring large gains in wear resistance and lubricity. Contact and friction points on dies also create wear, and so does each new workpiece by introducing two- and three-particle abrasive wear to the die, ultimately leading to the removal of dimensional tolerances which cause dies to become unserviceable. What about tooling and cutters? It’s important to look beyond the sharpened “ﬁne” edge of tooling or cutters to discover what really matters when you’re focused on improving wear resistance: trailing edges are a leading cause of tooling burn-up and overall cutter failure. TungstenLube™ ensures drag from trailing edges is greatly diminished given the lubricious nature of Tungsten Disulfide particles.
Pumps and Valves Use of TungstenLube™ Dry Lubricant
Most rotary pumps are prone to their stator and rotor components wearing out, as well as to subjective wear of the veins inside the pump which handle the ﬂow of raw materials. TungstenLube™ adds another level of protection to the interior pump infrastructure of rotary pumps by resisting the impingement from sandpaper-like particles of raw materials. Reducing abrasive wear ultimately prolongs pump longevity and ensures a more efﬁcient ﬂow throughout the pump and its connected tubing. For centrifugal pumps, the abrasive wear on the shaft and its bearings is reduced while increasing lubricity throughout the entire structure. With TungstenLube™ the entire coherence of the molecular structure bonded with Tungsten DiSulﬁde results in unsurpassed performance gains from an increase in pumping ability and lifetime efﬁciency of the pump overall. Servo valves and solenoids also see increased performance gains with less seizures and overall drag reduction with surface contact and closure.
Earthmoving Equipment Use of TungstenLube™ Dry Lubricant
TungstenLube™ helps reduce warranty claims for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) by ensuring that hydraulic rams and other parts exposed to raw earth experience decreased impingement, resulting in longer service life and less downtime for parts. Depending on the environment, service life may increase up to 800%. For large ﬂeets of earthmoving equipment past the point of purchase, TungstenLube™ should beneﬁt the six-sigma quality controls in place to ensure that equipment uptime is maximized and maintenance schedules are decreased across the board. Traction devices, including track treads, will beneﬁt from TungstenLube™ to enhance their wearability while decreasing the likelihood of microfracturing and threading over a single tangential point of load.
More Detailed Tungsten Analysis
Why do TungstenLube™ Lubricants work so great? Because, the microstructure of a WS2 (Tungsten Disulfide) crystal is layered hollow sphere with hexagonal crystal clusters, whose surfaces are formed by hexagonal networks with S–W–S molecules combined up, whose layers are connected by Van de Walls Force, this weak binding force is easy to be sheared between layers, so the low friction factor is put up. Meanwhile, WS2 crystal is very stable at high temperature, even above 550F, WS2 builds up a compact WO3 covering layer thereby slowing oxidation and helping inhibit further oxidation, and WO3 has a low friction factor and can prevent the glue effect from happening between metal surfaces as well.
Characteristics comparison among Tungsten Disulfide(WS2 ), Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2 ) and Graphite show that Tungsten Disulfide offers a far superior lubrication under extreme conditions of Load, Vacuum and Temperature. The properties below show that Tungsten Disulfide offers excellent thermal stability and oxidation resistance at higher temperatures. WS2 has thermal stability advantage of 93oC (200oF) over MoS2. Coefficient of Friction of WS2 actually reduces at higher loads.
WS2 powder also works as an additive for lubricants (such as oil, grease & other synthetic lubricants) The powder can be mixed 1% to 15% v/v (as required) with grease or oil. This will enhance lubricity of the mixture and also improves High Temperature and Extreme Pressure properties of mixture. During the use, WS2 in the mixture will get coated on mating/moving parts, which in turn reduces friction and improves lubricity and load bearing ability for much longer cycles.
Coating TungstenLube™ Dry Lubricant on a substrate requiring (dry) lubricity
TungstenLube™ Dry Lubricant can be coated by spraying at 120 psi (0.8 Mpa) the substrate with dry (& cool) pneumatic air. It does not require any binders and spraying can be done at normal room temperature. Coated film will be 0.5 micron thick. In an alternative application method, the powder can also be mixed with Isopropyl alcohol and this paste could be buffed to the substrate. The coating applications are already established in many areas such as Automotive parts, Racing Car Engine and other parts, Aerospace parts, Bearings (Linear, Ball, Roller etc), Shafts, Marine parts, Cutting Tools, Blades, Slitters, Knives, Mold release, Precision Gears, Valve components, Pistons, Chains, Machinery components and many other areas.Besides, it can also be applied to antifriction material in carbon industry; super rigidity material and weld thread;Tungsten Disulfide (WS2) can be used instead of Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) in almost all applications, and even more. Since the powder offers one of the lowest Coefficient of Friction (Dynamic at 0.03 & Static at 0.07), the applications are unlimited and could be tried with every conceivable idea.
TungstenLube™ Dry Lubricant Extends Gearbox Life
These gears are from a high-precision gearbox where TungstenLube™ is applied to reduce friction and extend life. Coated gears run with lower friction, higher efficiency (7-9%), will run at higher speeds and with a significantly longer life. A Formula 3000 team owes its success to its WS2 coated gearbox. WS2 coated CV joints took part in the Paris – Dakar rally.
Analysis of TungstenLube™ Dry Lubricant and Motor Oil by Randy Elliott
I took the weight of my Mobil 1 oil and it is 840 grams per liter, 1 ppm would be 840 grams divided by 1,000,000 which is .00084 grams, .00084 grams is 1 part per million/ ppm of a litre of oil. .7 grams WS2 is 1/4 ounce. 7 grams divided by 5 quarts is 1.4 grams WS2 per quart oil. 1.4 grams WS2 per quart / 840 grams is your ratio. There are 28 grams in an ounce.
If I wanted 1700 ppm WS2 in my 1 quart/litre of oil then I would multiply .00084 ppm X 1700 ppm which comes to 1.42 grams WS2 to achieve 1700 parts per million WS2 in a quart. It would take 1.42 grams WS2 X 5 quarts is 7 grams WS2 for 5 quarts oil. A liter and quart is very little difference in weight and grams.
If I am right then 1700 ppm WS2 is perfect, for example I use a Group 1V POA XD3 0-30 Esso syn oil, (Esso is Canadian version of EXXON, this syn XD3 unfortunately is not available in U.S.) ,this XD3 has ZDDP content of 1500 ppm which is a stellar oil pack (CI-4/SL version of it which is all that I will use, not the ZDDP and TBN starved CJ-4 new version). I see 1700 parts per million in WS2 as perfect for first few Oil Changes to fully coat and treat the metal but I believe that should be cut down after first few OCIs.
Delo 400 used to be 200 ppm moly, now 50 ppm. Mobil 1 0-40 is 80 ppm moly. Many people in my oil forums say 250 ppm moly is a great mix in oil, I see 1700 ppm as great for first few OCIs (oil change intervals). But to achieve 250 ppm WS2 after the initial high dosages of WS2 in first few OCIs then one can take 250 ppm WS2 X .00084 (1 ppm of quart/litre) = .21 grams WS2 per quart, that would be 1 gram WS2 per 5 quarts to achieve 250 ppm WS2 in oil.
Other WS2 sites are advocating 25 grams WS2 per quart/litre oil in engines, another site says 5 grams WS2 per litre/quart engine oil, that is 5-18 more WS2. 5 grams per litre oil would be 6000 ppm WS2, 25 grams would be 30,000 ppm WS2. WS2 in my research covers metal at .06 micron, 1500 ppm ZDDP amply covers engine parts, I cant imagine needing 6000 – 30,000 ppm like other sites are advocating.
Am I on right track in ppm calculations? I have to believe that if I take the weight of oil and divide by 1,000,000 then I get a ppm decimal value which is .00084 for a liter of oil. If I want 1000 ppm then I multiply .00084 X 1000 and I need .84 grams WS2 per litre of oil to get 1000 ppm. If I am right then you can do the same with your American Measurement. 45 years ago Canada was Imperial measurements before Metric came in, the only difference between American and Canadian measurements 45 years ago was an American Gallon was 20% smaller than an Imperial Canadian gallon, all other values in ounces, quarts etc. was exactly the same.
1/4 ounce or 7 grams per litre/quart gear host oil in manual tranny or diff would be about 8400 ppm, I have no problem with that because there is no problem with filter and the host oil is longer term in those applications. Many people would think 5 grams (5 grams = 1 teaspoon) per litre/quart is very little and would think nothing of doing that in a filtered engine, 25 grams per litre is way out there, they are advocating 1 ounce WS2 per litre oil at 25 grams per liter oil, there is .28 grams in 1 ounce. That might make your hair on back neck stand up a bit.
4.9 grams is one teaspoon, there are abount 92 teaspoons in a lb, there is 454 grams in a lb. I could use 1 teaspoon WS2 per 4 liter oil capacity and be right in ball park at about 1700 ppm, 7 grams is 1/4 ounce, there are 4.9 grams per teaspoon, 7 grams divided by 4.9 grams is 1.4 teaspoon, 1.4 teaspoon WS2 is 1/4 ounce. Rule of thumb, on 5 quarts oil then 1.4 teaspoons WS2 will render 1700 ppm WS2 and be very close to 1/4 ounce WS2. Those are 4.9 gram teaspoons, .1740 ounce = one teaspoon. Best to use a cooking type measure spoon for accuracy if using the 1.4 teaspoon method for 5 quarts. I will just get into the wife’s cutlery drawer and steal a cooking measure teaspoon and a 1/2 measuring teaspoon on a 5 litre OCI or use 1 teaspoon + a hair more WS2 on 4 liter OCI. This stuff is basically organic in my reading so a good wash on spoon is all one would have to do after I presume.
I figure 1700 ppm on first few OCIs will work and then go 250 ppm on each OCI after, 1700 ppm is what you are advocating on 5 quarts oil with 1/4 ounce WS2 in my calculations.
Table 1: WS2 / MoS2 physical and technical properties
|Properties||Tungsten Disulfide (WS2)
CAS No 12138-09-9
|Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2)
CAS No 1317-33-5
|Colour||Silver Gray||Blue-Silver Gray|
|Appearance||Crystalline Solid||Crystalline Solid|
|Melting Point (oC)||1250oC, 1260oC (decomposes)||1185oC (decomposes)|
|Coefficient of Friction||0.03 Dynamic; 0.07 Static|
|Thermal Stability in Air||COF <0.1 till 1100oF (594oC)||COF <0.1 @600oF (316oC) increases to 0.5 @ 1100oF (594oC)|
|Load Bearing Ability||300,000 psi for coated film
COF:0.044 @ 20,000 psi
COF reduces to 0.024 between 200,000 to 400,000 psi
|Lubrication Temperature Range||Ambient from -2730C to 650oC
Vacuum (10 – 14 Torr): from -1880C to 13160C
|Ambient: from -1850C to 350oC
Vacuum: from -185oC to 1100oC
|Chemical Durability||Inert Substance, Non-Toxic||Inert Substance, Non-Toxic|
|Electrical Properties||Has Semiconductor properties|
|Coating Film Thickness||0.5 micron|
|Corrosion Stability||Can slow down the corrosion rate, but can not fully prevent
|Coatable Substrates||Iron, Steel, Aluminum, Copper, other Metals, Plastics, and
|Iron, Steel, Aluminum, Copper, other Metals, Plastics, and
Table 2: comparison of the friction coefficient and the diameter of scuff scar among three materials
|Friction Factor||Friction Vestige (mm)||Friction Factor||Friction Vestige (mm)||Friction Factor||Friction Vestige (mm)|